What Causes of Spine pain?

Spine Anatomy

Our spine is a structure that carries the weight of our body, transfers the load from the hips to the legs. Also, it enables our body to be mobile in our daily activities.

There are 5 vertebrae in our waist and cartilage pads (disc) connecting these vertebrae, joint structures and soft tissues supporting them. The lumbar vertebrae, like other parts of the spine, protect the spinal cord and nerve roots, as well as contributing to movement and carrying loads. Nerves pass through the lumbar vertebrae that control the muscles of the legs, carry the senses of the legs, and control urine, stool, and sexual functions.

spine anatomy

What is spine pain?

About 80% of adults have at least one episode of low back pain in their entire life. Vertebrae, discs (cartilage), inter vertebral joints, ligaments (structures that hold bones together), and muscle structures can each be a separate source of pain.


Disruption of the disc structure with age, work and trauma is a common cause of pain. Sometimes there can be several different causes at the same time. There may be accompanying problems such as hip and leg pain, numbness, and weakness. It can be slow or fast onset. It can be acute (short-term) or chronic (long-term (more than 6 weeks).


Spine pain, which occurs at any time during life, negatively affects the quality of life with its restrictive effects on daily habits and mobility. Pain is often interpreted as a herniated disc, and early diagnosis and treatment possibilities are ignored due to fear of surgery. However, not all pain points to a herniated disc, and it can also occur as a symptom of an important disease.

Low back pain may be due to these 7 reasons

Daily life habits are an important factor that triggers low back pain. Most of the pain is of mechanical origin, and this is the result of excessive use, strain or deformation of the structures that make up the spine. Low back pain, which makes it difficult to stand and sit, and restricts movements, usually suggests a herniated disc. However, the severity and location of the pain varies from person to person. Therefore, pain alone is not a sufficient criterion for the diagnosis of herniated disc. Low back pain is most commonly seen due to the following reasons:

    1. Lifting heavy loads, accidental trauma and especially challenging movements have a detrimental effect on the structure of the vertebrae. With the deterioration of the structure, the disc between the vertebrae protrudes and a herniated disc occurs. Disruption of the vertebral structure also leads to lumbar slippage and pain.
    2. A sedentary lifestyle and excess weight are among the causes of low back pain. Low back muscles weakened due to lack of activity and the heavy load of excess weight cause low back pain.
    3. Excessive stress is an important factor that negatively affects the human body in every aspect. Low back pain is more common in people who are in occupational groups with a high stress rate.
    4. Choosing the wrong bed and chair also paves the way for low back pain. Low back pain can become chronic due to non-ergonomic beds and office chairs.
    5. Long-term wear and tear on the joints turns into calcification over time. Calcification due to aging is also one of the causes of low back pain.
    6. It has been proven that smoking causes low back pain.
    7. Low back pain is more common in people belonging to certain occupational groups. Among them; long-distance drivers, those who use vibratory tools (asphalt or concrete crusher), those who lift heavy loads and those who work standing for long periods of time.

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